Compression can be considered the cornerstone in the therapy of venous leg ulcers. As indicated by numerous studies1, adequate compression supports venous flow and shows significant effects on deep venous haemodynamics – ultimately providing large improvements in pain, mobility and general quality of life for the patient.
Venous insufficiency is the most common underlying cause of a venous leg ulcer. The compromised blood flow to the heart is mainly caused by venous valve incompetence. The resulting reflux leads to an ambulatory venous hypertension which also extends into the capillaries. As a consequence, nutrients and oxygen are unable to diffuse to the skin, causing death of skin tissue and the development of a venous leg ulcer.